Hypertonic definition

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Oct 20, 2019 · hypertonic (comparative more hypertonic, superlative most hypertonic) ( of a solution ) Having a greater osmotic pressure than another. ( anatomy ) Having a very high muscular tension ; spastic . hypertonic adjective to denote that a solution has a higher osmotic concentration than that with which it is compared. It is a useful expression to indicate the direction of passive water transport by osmosis: a hypertonic ... If you put raisins in the water, the water will enter into raisins and they will bloat or become turgid. If you put raisins in salt solution, the water and other permeable stuff will come out and raisins will shrink. Here water can be called hypotonic solution and salt solution can be called hypertonic solution. Hypertonic Solution. A hypertonic solution is a solution that contains more solute than the cell which is placed in it. If a cell with a NaCl concentration of 0.9% is placed in a solution of water with a 10% concentration of NaCl, the solution is said to be hypertonic. That is, they describe how one solution compares to another in terms of osmolarity. For instance, if the fluid inside a cell has a higher osmolarity, concentration of solute, than the surrounding fluid, the cell interior is hypertonic to the surrounding fluid, and the surrounding fluid is hypotonic to the cell interior. Hypertonic hypnonatremia is commonly caused by hyperglycemia and rarely by infusions of hypertonic glycine. D. Treatment 1. Avoid correcting too fast as this may cause central pontine myelinolysis. 2. Treatment goal is to correct serum sodium to 120. 3. Correct underlying cause if possible. 4. Restrict fluids to <1500 mL/day. 5. If severe may ... hypertonic: Having extreme muscular or arterial tension. Without their knowledge, local trauma patients who meet the criteria to be in the study are randomly assigned to receive an IV drip of normal saline solution or one of two types of "hypertonic" saline solution. A hypotonic drink is a drink that has a lower concentration of solutes compared to the fluids within the body. These solutes include electrolytes (ex:... Hypertonic solutions should be administered only in high acuity areas with constant nursing surveillance for potential complications. Verify order. Prescription for hypertonic solutions should state the specific hypertonic fluid to be infused, the total volume to be infused, the infusion rate and the length of time to continue the infusion. Sep 04, 2018 · Hypertonic dehydration occurs when there is an imbalance of water and salt in your body, with too much salt and not enough water. It’s most common in infants, older adults, and those who are ... Looking for definition of hypertonic? hypertonic explanation. Define hypertonic by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. Hypertonic Solutions. As for a hypertonic solution, the prefix hyper- refers to the extracellular fluid having a higher osmolarity than the cell’s cytoplasm; therefore, the fluid contains less water than the cell does. Because the cell has a relatively higher concentration of water, water will leave the cell, and the cell will shrink. Define hypertonicity. hypertonicity synonyms, hypertonicity pronunciation, hypertonicity translation, English dictionary definition of hypertonicity. adj. 1. Physiology Having extreme muscular or arterial tension. Hypertonic hypnonatremia is commonly caused by hyperglycemia and rarely by infusions of hypertonic glycine. D. Treatment 1. Avoid correcting too fast as this may cause central pontine myelinolysis. 2. Treatment goal is to correct serum sodium to 120. 3. Correct underlying cause if possible. 4. Restrict fluids to <1500 mL/day. 5. If severe may ... In this oldie but great video I talk about the three types of solutions that can occur in your body based on solute concentration: isotonic, hypotonic, and h... In this oldie but great video I talk about the three types of solutions that can occur in your body based on solute concentration: isotonic, hypotonic, and h... Define hypertonic. hypertonic synonyms, hypertonic pronunciation, hypertonic translation, English dictionary definition of hypertonic. adj. 1. Physiology Having extreme muscular or arterial tension. 2. Jul 19, 2019 · Hypertonic dehydration occurs when water excretion from the body exceeds that of sodium excretion, resulting in an increased sodium concentration in the extracellular fluid (hypernatremia). Blood osmolality is increased, causing the water to shift from the intracellular to the extracellular space. adjective. Physiology. of or relating to hypertonia. Physical Chemistry. noting a solution of higher osmotic pressure than another solution with which it is compared (opposed to hypotonic ).Compare isotonic (def. 1). Hypertonic: The solution with the higher concentration of solutes. Hypotonic: The solution with the lower concentration of solutes. In the examples above, Solutions A and B are isotonic (with each other), Solutions A and B are both hypertonic compared to Solution C, and Solution C is hypotonic relative to Solutions A and B. hypertonic solution : Definition: Search for: Biology Glossary search by EverythingBio.com : A solution which contains more dissolved particles than cellular content. ... Jul 10, 2020 · Hypertonic saline (HTS) has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects on lung epithelium. In addition, inhaled HTS has been shown to have beneficial effects when used for patients with lung diseases (e.g. cystic fibrosis). Hypertonic saline is an inhaled sterile salt solution, which has a higher concentration of salt than blood plasma and may be effective in non-CF bronchiectasis airway clearance. This solution enhances airway clearance because it increases the flow of liquid into the airway surface, due to the... Hypertonia and Hypotonia are two technical terms to describe issues with muscle tone. Muscles are meant to stretch with our bodies to accomplish everyday tasks. Imagine your muscles are like a rubber band, and when you stretch to touch your toes or pick something up, you’re increasing the tension on the band. Isotonic, hypertonic, hypotonic solutions. Terms isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic are usually used when a reference to cell of a living organism is made, but it can be generally used to compare concentration of a solute in two solutions. Isotonic solutions. Isotonic solutions are two solutions that have the same concentration of a solute. Definition - What does Hypertonic mean? In a solution which is hypertonic, the total dissolved solutes is greater than the dissolved solutes of another solution. In plant cells, the hypertonic environment would be all solute particles and the solution they are dissolved in, on the outside of a plant cell. hypertonic. [ hi″per-ton´ik] 1. pertaining to or characterized by an increased tonicity or tension. 2. having an osmotic pressure greater than that of the solution with which it is compared. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. Isotonic, Hypotonic, and Hypertonic Solutions Water moves readily across cell membranes through special protein-lined channels, and if the total concentration of all dissolved solutes is not equal on both sides, there will be net movement of water molecules into or out of the cell. Mar 31, 2018 - Explore Helen Hirst's board "Isotonic, Hypotonic, Hypertonic", followed by 568 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about Fluid and electrolytes, Nursing students, Nursing study. Hypertonic saline solutions have evolved as an alternative to mannitol or may be used in otherwise refractory intracranial hypertension to treat raised intracranial pressure. With high osmolar loads, the efficacy of the solution is enhanced, but no simple relationship between the saline concentration and the clinical effects of a solution is ...